In the Nineteen Sixties, whereas nonetheless working for the American Rehabilitation Foundation, Dr. Ellwood shaped a well being coverage analysis group known as Interstudy, which explored methods to use enterprise administration methods to enhance well being care and reduce prices. It arrange an H.M.O. that years later turned United Health Group, now one of the nation’s largest well being corporations.
In the early Seventies, Dr. Ellwood, having given up his medical profession, moved to Wyoming, received into actual property and based the Jackson Hole Group — a cohort of docs, economists, lecturers and policymakers who met at his residence periodically for many years to speak about new well being care methods.
The group produced many stories, however its most notable was utilized by Bill Clinton in his 1992 presidential marketing campaign, when he pledged to reform a well being care system of runaway prices and uninsured tens of millions. After Mr. Clinton’s election, Dr. Ellwood, the economist Alain C. Enthoven and others devised the blueprint for the administration’s “managed competition” well being reform proposal.
It would have banded companies and people into cooperatives to purchase insurance coverage from partnerships of docs, hospitals and insurers competing for the enterprise, and it might have lined nearly all uninsured Americans. The plan, shepherded by Hillary Clinton, failed in 1994, however by then Dr. Ellwood and his colleagues had distanced themselves from the plan over conflicts about the ranges of regulation it might have imposed.
Dr. Ellwood, who lived in Bellingham, north of Seattle, retired as president of the Jackson Hole Group in 2002. He and his first spouse, Elizabeth Ann (Schwenk) Ellwood, had three kids, Deborah, Cynthia and David. They divorced in 1990 and Elizabeth Ann later died. In 2000, he married Barbara Winch. In addition to his spouse, Dr. Ellwood is survived by his three kids and 5 grandchildren.
In later years he championed what he known as “outcomes management” — a nationwide database to indicate how the remedy of sufferers truly works out. Without such measures, he argued, well being care suppliers and policymakers had no manner of understanding whether or not care was being compromised to chop prices, and no technique to consider proposals for reforms.